Jhunjhunu Academy Wisdom City, Jhunjhunu

Science stream is a very common choice among 10th standard passed students in India. Students who want to pursue applied and pure science professional courses in the future may choose this stream. There are a variety of boards in India, subjects to study, professional courses available, prospects, and science stream career options after 10th which can be chosen according to each one’s convenience.

The Science stream is a bit challenging when compared to all the other main streams like Arts and Commerce. Academically talented students won’t have much difficulty in facing the subjects present in this stream.

Advantages of Choosing Science Stream After 10th
Choosing Science Stream After 10th has several advantages. Here are some of them:

  1. Better Career Opportunities
    The Career Options After 10th in Science Stream is more. Science stream offers various career options, including engineering, medicine, research, and technology. These fields are in high demand and offer lucrative job opportunities. There are multiple domains in each of these career options you will scout and find.

Based on your preferences, you can choose a career and then proceed to study Science with a proper subject combination in Class 11. To make it happen, you must research the ideal subject combination and keep developing your conceptual foundation.

  1. Strong Academic Foundation
    Science education lays a strong foundation in mathematics, physics, chemistry, and biology, which helps build a solid academic base for advanced studies.

Undoubtedly, a student will develop his academic foundation by studying the core subjects of 10+2 Science. Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Mathematics teach scientific concepts and fundamental principles and explain how to use them. Studying these concepts will sharpen their analytical thinking.

  1. Develops Problem-solving Skills
    Science education involves critical thinking, problem-solving, and analysis of complex information, which helps develop analytical and logical skills. The capacity to think logically increases considerably when students choose Class 11 science. Science is ideal for you if you look at which stream is best for future skill development.
  2. Enhances Creativity
    Science education encourages creativity and innovation, essential skills for success in today’s fast-changing world. Your knowledge and skills developed by studying the subjects at this level of education will help you become a part of the developing world.
  3. Social Impact
    Science plays a critical role in addressing global challenges, such as climate change, healthcare, and technology, which can significantly impact society.

Disadvantages of Choosing Science Stream
While there are many advantages to choosing Science as a stream in Class 11, there are also some potential disadvantages that students should consider before making their decision. Here are some of them:

Heavy Workload: The science stream can be challenging, requiring much hard work, dedication, and commitment to excel. Students often have to spend long hours studying and completing assignments.

High Competition: Science fields are highly competitive, and admission to top colleges and universities can be difficult. Students must perform well in exams to secure a spot in their preferred institution.

Requires Strong Maths Skills: Science subjects involve complex mathematical concepts that can be challenging for some. Students who need help with math may find it difficult to excel in Science.

Lack of Creativity: While Science subjects encourage innovation and creativity, some students may find that the subjects are too structured and need to allow for more creative expression.

Science Stream Boards Available In India

There are four important education boards available in India. Students can choose a stream that suits them the best. The choice should be made based on the basis of the aptitude of the student and the difficulty level associated with the boards.

CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education)
ICSE (Indian Certificate of Secondary Education)
IB (International Baccalaureate)
State Boards
IB is the hardest board among the above mentioned ones. It is laid on the ‘practical aspects’ and ‘application knowledge’ of learning.

When it comes to the level of difficulty, IB is followed by the ICSE board. Then comes the CBSE board which is almost known by everyone and it functions under the Union Government of India. The level of difficulty associated with this board is moderate.

Finally, comes the State Boards which function under the respective state governments of each state. The medium of instruction in the case of schools affiliated with such boards is English and regional language.

Science Stream Groups

There are two main groups within it when it comes to the science stream. They are –

Mathematics Group (Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as main subjects)
Biology Group (Biology, Physics, and Chemistry as main subjects)
These groups end up determining the career path of a student to an extent. A student may pursue both of them at the same time or may choose any of the above mentioned groups. The choice can be taken according to each one’s abilities.

The biology group is generally known as the B group and the mathematics group is generally known as the A group. Students pursuing both groups may assume themselves as AB group students.

Science Stream Subjects

Computer Science
Among the above mentioned ones, Mathematics/Biology, Physics, Chemistry, and English are the mandatory subjects. Students have to choose the optional ones other than them. Usually, the availability of such optional subjects may vary from one board to the other and from one state board to the other. Those subjects are Sanskrit, Computer Science, regional languages, etc.


Physics is the oldest among academic fields in the world and is the science of motion, matter, energy, and force.

Examples of a few topics which covers are:

Laws of Motion
Electronic Devices
Electromagnetic Waves


The study of Chemistry is based on the properties, composition, the structure of matter, including atomic structure and the changes influenced by the chemical reactions.

Examples of a few topics which covers are:

Chemical Thermodynamics
Organic Chemistry
Chemical Kinetics
Surface Chemistry
Molecular Structure and Chemical Bonding


Biology deals with living organisms such as animals and plants including facets such as their physiological mechanisms, physical structures, chemical processes, and development.

Examples of a few topics which covers are:

Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants
Human Physiology
Plant Physiology
Genetics and Evolution
Biotechnology and its applications


Mathematics focuses on the concepts of change, quantity, space and structure.

Examples of a few topics which covers are:

Mathematical Reasoning
Linear Programming

Evaluation and Academic Program

There are two academic years present which are 12th and 11th standards. In the case of state boards and the other boards, each academic year gets divided into two semesters with each one lasting for a period of 6 months. Main evaluation exams are conducted at the end of each academic year in the case of a semester learning system.

Professional Courses After 12th Science

Professional courses available in science stream career options after 10th can be roughly classified into three types such as pure science courses, applied science courses, and other courses. Such courses are available in Bachelor’s Degree and in Diploma formats.

Course selection is influenced by the group a student has had in 12th and 11th classes. Some of the well known professional courses available based on those groups are –

Mathematics Group Courses

Engineering (Diploma/Bachelor’s Degree)

Electrical Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Civil Engineering
IT Engineering
Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
Aerospace Engineering
Petroleum Engineering
Agricultural Engineering
Metallurgy Engineering

Science Courses

B.Sc Agriculture
B.Sc Horticulture
B.Sc Chemistry
B.Sc Forestry
B.Sc Physics
B.Sc Nautical Science
B.Sc Biotechnology
B.Sc Electronics and Communication
B.Sc Biotechnology

Law Courses

B.Sc + LLB
B.Tech + LLB
B.Com + LLB

Management Courses

BBA (Bachelor of Business Administration)
BMS (Bachelor of Management Studies)
BHM (Bachelor of Hotel Management)
Retail Management
Integrated BBA + MBA program

Designing Courses

Bachelor of Interior Designing
Bachelor of Leather Design
Bachelor of Accessory Design
Bachelor of Product Design
Bachelor of Textile Design
Furniture and Interior Design Course

Physical Education Courses

Bachelor of Physical Education
Diploma in Yoga Education
Bachelor of Sports Science

Fashion Courses

Bachelor of Fashion Design and Technology
Bachelor of Fashion Communication

Other Bachelor’s Degree and Diploma Courses

B.Social Work
Animation and Multimedia
Performing Arts
Language Courses
Diploma in Hotel Management
Diploma in Retail Management
Diploma in Video Editing and Filmmaking
Diploma in Event Management
Diploma in Education Technology

Teaching/Education Courses

B.El.Ed (Bachelor of Elementary Education)
Diploma in Elementary Education
B.P.Ed (Bachelor of Physical Education)
Primary Teacher Training Course


Thus, the science stream career options after 10th for Mathematics group students is that they can become Scientists, Engineers, Management Professionals, Teachers, Lawyers, Architects, Government Employees, Commercial Pilots, Cabin Crew, Pharmacists, Air Hostess, etc.

Moreover, the science stream career options after 10th for Biology group students is that they can become Scientists, Physiotherapists, Doctors, Teachers, Architects, Pharmacists, Nurses, Fashion Designers, Speech Therapists, Occupational Therapists, etc.

Source: Internet